About Alexar Technologies

Wednesday, December 17, 2014

How To Identify A Facebook Scam Before It’s Too Late

Scams are everywhere. You’ve got PayPal scams, eBay scams, Craigslist scams, email scams, wire transfer scams, and that’s just the tip of the iceberg. Even “safe” sites like Facebook are flooded with scams every day. Can you tell whether that link you’re about to click is a scam or not?
If you think you’re too smart to fall for a scam, you may want to reconsider. A recent study by Bitdefender concluded that so many people are falling for these scams that no particular “type” of person is vulnerable. Anyone can become a victim simply because these scams are engineered so well to take advantage of basic human predispositions.
Are you human? Then you’re at risk. Here’s how to see through the malicious magic of these scams.

Guess Who Viewed Your Profile

This scam claims to know which of your friends have viewed your profile and how often they’ve viewed it. If you want to access that data, you have to install an app. Unfortunately it doesn’t actually tell you anything useful; instead, once you’ve granted the app permissions, it begins collecting your personal data.
This particular scam has been around for a while now, yet its manipulative power is so strong that it continues to sit atop its throne as the most successful Facebook scam of the last two years.
facebook scams viewed profile   How To Identify A Facebook Scam Before Its Too Late

Why Does It Work?

Humans are both curious and relational creatures. This scam preys on both aspects by asking a scalpel-sharp question: “Does anyone care about you enough to view your profile? If so, who?” It tugs at our social and emotional strings and promises to show us what others think of us.
The curiosity aspect alone is a powerful enticer —look at any clickbait title to see just how strong this impulse can be — but the fact that it preys on our sense of social self-worth is a killer.

New Facebook Features

This one is a kind of extension to the “profile viewer” scam above. In essence, these scams promise to grant you extra features on Facebook once you install a certain app. Examples of features include a dislike button and profile aesthetic customizations.
facebook scams dislike button   How To Identify A Facebook Scam Before Its Too Late

Why Does It Work?

Facebook power users can’t give up the opportunity of improving their Facebook experience. In some cases, these extra features claim to alleviate some annoyances in the interface (e.g. hide sidebars); in other cases, the promised features are ways that users can set themselves apart from their friends and feel special (e.g. unique profiles).

Giveaway Scams

A giveaway scam often presents itself as a competition that requires you to enter by filling out personal details. In return, you’ll earn a chance to win a free product, free gift card, or even a free vacation. You’ll never win, however, and all of the personal information you entered will be sold.
The holiday season is ripe with this kind of deception as it’s reasonable to assume that people would run giveaways during festive times, making this a popular holiday scam to watch out for.
facebook scams giveaways   How To Identify A Facebook Scam Before Its Too Late

Why Does It Work?

People love free stuff. It doesn’t get much simpler than that. That being said, these giveaway scams love to ramp up the urgency by setting a time limit or entry limit.
For example, the time-critical nature of a statement like “the first 100 entries win a free iPad” means people rush to enter before thinking critically. Not many people want to be the loser who missed out on a free iPad because they wasted precious minutes testing the validity of a giveaway.

Shocking Video Scams

Fake celebrity videos pop up on Facebook from time to time and they’re mostly, but not always, presented as leaked sex tapes. The sole goal is to get you to click a link that will then ask you to update your video player, which is just a clever way to get you to voluntarily download malware.
Another form of this scam is the “atrocity video”: brutality, freak accidents, beheadings, etc.
facebook scams shock videos   How To Identify A Facebook Scam Before Its Too Late

Why Does It Work?

Like the “Guess Who Viewed Your Profile” scam, this one also appeals to our sense of curiosity but amplifies it by mixing in a healthy dose of taboo subject matter. Nothing tastes better than forbidden fruit — especially when that fruit is the object of celebrity worship or morbid curiosity — and this scam knows it.
It’s what happens when clickbait is taken to the extreme.

Final Thoughts

Even the most tech-savvy, on-guard person can fall victim to one of these scams. They’re currently trending on Facebook but that doesn’t mean they aren’t happening elsewhere. The key to avoiding such scams is to stay alert, refrain from being impulsive, and double-check every link you click.
But most of all, knowledge is the way to win

Article by Joel Lee - Security Matters
16 December 2014

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Free Anti Malware, Anti Spyware, Ransonware Removal Tool & PC Tune Up Software - Really???



I had a callout yesterday from a user with malware on his notebook. Upon arrival, someone installed a Free Anti Malware, Anti Spyware, Ransonware Removal Tool & PC Tune Up Software on his notebook and progress scanning was already 36%. I did my normal troubleshooting routine and sat there watching paint dry(waiting for the scan to finish). (Un)fortunately waiting/sitting is not my style as I feel being counter-productive and I started reviewing the threats found. I was shocked back into my weekend mood as this Free Anti Malware!, Anti Spyware!, Ransonware Removal Tool! & PC Tune Up Software! detected device and system drivers as threats(malware) and put it up for either removal or quarantine. I “googled” this Free Anti Malware!, Anti Spyware!, Ransonware Removal Tool! & PC Tune Up Software! and only the 4th entry it was being shown as Rogue/ Scareware.

The following is extracted from the article:
Anvisoft promotes itself as legitimate software used to scan and eradicate malware and computer viruses, speed up computer performance, and block advertisements for a price; However, according to many experts Anvisoft is not safe for reasons citing a history of cyber criminal activity, customer complains, dishonesty, and copyright infringement. Anvisoft Smart Defender has been reported to scan for computer viruses and malware, in which Anvisoft Smart Defender returns fake system scan results or limited results that are not beneficial. It has been reported that Anvisoft Smart Defender has an extremely low detection rate and will not detect and remove common computer viruses and malware. “

If you suspect malware or virus on your computer, please refrain from downloading the first available Free Anti Malware!, Anti Spyware!, Ransonware Removal Tool! & PC Tune Up Software! that Google is showing. Rather call for professional assistance and spend a couple of bucks to get it removed. In what could have been 5 minutes of work, is now racking up more than 12 hours and a couple of grey hair strands.

Be extra cautious if you are using a computer that is available on a network of other computers and servers and connected to the internet as well. Most Rogue/Scareware normally duplicates itself over the network.

#AlexarTechBytes


Wednesday, November 19, 2014

5 Ways to hack a Facebook Account




1) Phishing :
The first and very basic way of hacking Facebook accounts is via Phishing. Phishing is actually creating fake web pages to steal user’s credentials like email,passwords,phone no,etc.

Prevention :
Always check the page URL before logging in. This is the most trusted and effective way one can use to avoid himself from phishing.
Other way is to use some good Antivirus software which will warn you if you visit a harmful phishing page.
Even if somehow you have already entered your credentials in a phisher, Immediately Change your password.

2) Keylogging :
This is another good way of hacking Facebook accounts. In this type of attack a hacker simply sends an infected file having keylogger in it to the victim. If the victim executes that file on his pc, whatever he types will be mailed/uploaded to hacker’s server. The advantage of this attack is that the victim won’t know that hacker is getting every Bit of data he is typing. Another big advantage is that hacker will get passwords of all the accounts used on that PC.

Prevention :
Execute the file only if you trust the sender.
Use online scanner such as novirusthanks.org
Use good antivirus and update it regularly .

3) Trojans/backdoors :
This is an advanced level topic. It consists of a server and a client. In this type of attack the attacker sends the infected server to the victim. After execution the infected server i.e. Trojan on the victim’s PC opens a backdoor and now the hacker can do whatever he wants with the victim’s PC .

Prevention :
Execute the file only if you trust the sender.
Use online scanner such as novirusthanks.org
Use good antivirus and update it regularly .

4)Sniffing
It consists of stealing session in progress. In this type of attack an attacker makes connection with server and client and relays message between them, making them believe that they are talking to each other directly.

Prevention :
Always use SSL secured connections.
Always keep a look at the url if the http:// is not changed to https:// it means that sniffing is active on your network.

5)Social Engineering :
This method includes guessing and fooling the clients to give their own passwords. In this type of attack, a hacker sends a fake mail which is very convincing and appealing and asks the user for his password.
Answering the security questions also lies under this category.

Prevention :
Never give your password to anyone
Don’t believe in any sort of emails which asks for your password

6) Session Hijacking
In a session hijacking attack an attacker steals victims cookies, cookies stores all the necessary logging Information about one’s account, using this info an attacker can easily hack anybody’s account. If you get the cookies of the Victim you can Hack any account the Victim is Logged into i.e. you can hack Facebook, Google, Yahoo.

Prevention :
Always work on SSL secured connections.
Always keep a look at the url if the http:// is not changed to https:// it means that sniffing is active on your network.